Ramadan is a Holy Month for Muslims and it kind of has some words that you hear more often during it. At StoneHill Education, we have put together a little Ramadan dictionary for you to understand everything and enjoy this period of time.
Ramadan Kareem – Have a generous Ramadan
Ramadan Mubarak– Have a blessed Ramadan
Salat– Pray or prayer. There are 5 prayers every day. Their names are Fajr, Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha. During Ramadan it is common the read the whole Quran. So they divide the text in 30 parts and every day during 1 or 2 hours the imam reads it to his congregation at the Mosque. These Quran recitations are called Tarawih.
Hilal or Crescent- The crescent is a symbol of Ramadan, same as the stars and the lantern. All meaning the revelation, the illumination that Quran brought to the World.
Sawm or fasting.
Iftar– when you are breaking the fast after the sun sets that first meal is called Iftar. Normally it is a buffet and there is a lot of delicious dishes that help you replenish your energy. Plenty of juices and sweets are also served. As it is time to spend with family and friends it is common to set up Ramadan tents to hold a lot of people sharing the moment together. Dates are part of the traditional ways to break the fast as Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) took 3 dates to break his fast. Other desserts that you will see are Baklava, Kuneffeh, Umm Ali, Luqaimat and Halva. There are also juices that are typically served during Ramadan, they are sweet and a bit thick. The idea is to give you energy. Try the Jallab, Sahlab or the Kharoub.. each of them has a particular flavour.
Suhoor– it is the last meal before starting the fast every day. After Suhoor, there is a prayer called Fajr and right after the Prayer is finished the fast starts.
Laylat al- Qadr or the Night of Power- It is the night when actually the revelation of Quran happened. It is considered the holiest night of the entire year but it is not quite sure when it did happen. So there are different theories saying it was the 23rd or the 27th, what it is sure is that it happened in an odd numbered night between the 10 last days of Ramadan.
Eid al Fitr is the end of the Holy Month of Ramadan and the beginning of the next lunar month called Shawwal. Eid is a bank holiday to award for the sacrifices done during Ramadan.
Zakat means Charity. As one of the pillars of the Islam it is very important specially in Ramadan. The other pillars are Sawm (Fasting), Shahada (Faith on one God only), Salat (Prayer), and Hajj (the pilgrimage to Mecca that every Muslim must do at least once in their lifetime).
With this mini Ramadan dictionary we hope you get to understand the jargon and enjoy the beauty of this Holy Month.